This is a well detailed overview written by Edublog9ja to enlighten Nigerian students and aspirants about Medicine and Surgery in Nigerian universities.
Medicine and surgery is a medical course that deals with prevention, cure, treatment of disease and illnesses and the surgical/operative treatment of a particular medical condition.
Medicine and surgery is a six year undergraduate training course in Nigerian Universities and students are awarded the MBBS(Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) degree. It is a five year programme for students admitted through direct entry. This degree is awarded after completing the undergraduate program in any accredited university in Nigeria. The university offering medicine and surgery course in Nigeria must be accredited by the National Universities Commission (NUC) and the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria(MDCN).
The first year of the undergraduate training in medicine and surgery is known as Premedical. In this level, students of the faculty of medicine are regulated by the faculty of sciences in various universities in Nigeria. They are taught basic sciences like physics, chemistry and biology plus other faculty of sciences courses. After the end of each academic semester in their first year, they write exams and the grading point is based on Cumulative Grade Point(CGP) .And at the end of the Academic year, the CGPs for first semester will be added to the second semester to get the average point called Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA). Different universities in Nigeria have different minimum CGPA requirements + other requirements before the student can proceed to 2nd year.
The Second year and 3 year is called Preclinicals. The duration of this level ranges from one year six month(18 months) or at most two years (not more than 24 months). This is university dependent as different schools have different medical academic calendar. In these levels, students of the faculty of medicine are regulated by the faculty of basic medical sciences. They are taught basic medical courses available in basic medical school and courses includes Anatomy, physiology and biochemistry. These course are subdivided into other courses. At this level, CGPA is not longer in use. Grading is by cumulative summation of the scores they had during their semesters exams and this constitute about 30% of their total scores. This means that all the exams written at this stage are converted to continuous assessments which is 30%. At the end of the academic year, students are write their 1st professional examination also know as Part 1 mbbs exams. Mbbs exams is 70%. Exams is centered on anatomy , physiology and biochemistry. Students must pass the exams to proceed to the fourth year. If unsuccessful and pass the require score for a resit exams, they will write a resit exams. If the student did not have the required score for a resit exams, the candidate will be advised to withdraw or change programme. When successful, students will proceed to the fourth year.
The fourth year is known as clinical 1. It centers on the practical aspects of medicine. Duration is about 1 year to 1 year, 6 months (18 months). Duration is dependent on a particular university. Students are taught courses like Pharmacology and Laboratory Medicine. Courses are subdivided into other courses. For example, laboratory medicine is divided into Chemical Pathology, Haematology, Histopathology, Medical Microbiology and Parasitology. Individuals courses may differ depending on institutions. Continuous assessments are taken during the academic semester. Students are posted to do clinical rotations in teaching hospital. Students are expected to learn how to communicate with patients and establish doctor-patient relationships. At the end of the Academic year, students write their part 2 MBBS examination and if successful proceed to the fifth year.
The fifth year and sixth year is known as clinical 2 and clinical 3 respectively. Duration is 1 year each. Duration is also university dependent. Students study medical courses like obstetrics and gynecology, medicine, surgery, anesthesiology, psychiatric, ophthalmology, ENT etc. They also go for clinical rotation in various wards in the hospital. They write continuous assessments and their professional exams regarded as the part 3 MBBS exams and part 4 MBBS exams respectively.
NOTE – Some classes in medical school can be divided into A and B. This is usually applicable to clinical classes. This is due to students having seniors who have not yet written their professional exams to move to the next class. The new students in a particular clinical class are referred to as B. While the seniors in the same class are referred to as A.
After passing the part 4 MBBS exams, the University will organize an induction ceremony to celebrate their completion of the MBBS program. Induction is a formal introduction of graduate doctors or health care professionals into their respective profession. During induction ceremony, they are given license of practice by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria(MDCN). They also take an oath to abide by the ethics of the medical profession and this is contained in the modern hippocratic oath.
The next step is going for the compulsory one year Housemanship programme for doctors. During Housemanship, the newly graduated medical doctors will be working under the supervision of the senior doctor or consultant/specialist in charge of a particular unit. The next step is followed by the compulsory one year National Youth Service Corps (NYSC).
With the MBBS degree, the young doctors are well equipped for careers in Government hospitals, private practice, teaching and research in Universities or Research Institutes and Administration.
They are also qualified for post-graduate training or residency training anywhere in the world by writing the appropriate qualifications or admission examinations. Residency programme is a programme for doctors who want to specialize in a particular field of medicine. After the residency programme, the doctors will now be consultants/specialists in their various fields.
So this is a brief overview of what entails in the medicine and surgery programme in Nigerian Universities. Thanks for reading