There are various Regulatory Bodies For Medical And Healthcare Professions In Nigeria.
If you’re looking for a detailed information about the regulatory bodies that regulates various medical or health related professions in Nigeria, then you are at the right place.
As we all know, a field of study/profession must have a body regulating its affairs. This is to keep their members in check in order to promote a high level of professionalism in their line of work.
In this article, we would list the professional bodies regulating the affairs of health and medical professions in Nigeria and briefly give details about them.
MEDICAL AND DENTAL COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (MDCN)
The Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria abbreviated as MDCN is the body responsible for regulating Doctors in order to ensuring good medical practice and services to humanity. MDCN regulates the practice of medicine and dentistry in Nigeria. They set up rules and code of conduct that ensures that doctors provide the best efficient services for Nigerians.
MDCN is regulated by the Medical and Dental Practitioners Act Cap 221 (now Cap M8) Laws of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1990 which sets up the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria. MDCN is empowered by the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to make rules of professional conduct and is also empowered to establish the Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal and Medical Practitioners Investigating Panel among other organs for the enforcement of these Rules of Conduct. It is pertinent to note that these Rules of Conduct are made to enable medical doctors and dentists(dental surgeons) in Nigeria maintain universally acceptable professional standards of practice and conduct. They serve as standards in relationship of medical and dental practitioners with the profession, their colleagues, patients, members of allied professions and the public.
The constitutional mandate of MDCN are as follows :
1. Regulation of training in Medicine, Dentistry and Alternative Medicine in Nigeria
2. Regulation of Medical, Dental and Alternative Medicine practice in Nigeria.
3. Determination of the knowledge and skills of these professionals.
4. Regulation and control of Laboratory Medicine in Nigeria.
The statutory functions of the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria are:
1) Determining the standards of knowledge and skill to be attained by persons seeking to become members of the medical or dental profession and reviewing those standards from time to time as circumstances may permit.
2) Securing in accordance with the provisions of this Act the establishment and maintenance of registers of persons entitled to practice as members of the medical or dental profession and the publication from time to time of lists of those persons.
3) Reviewing and preparing from time to time, a statement as to the Code of Conduct which the Council considers desirable for the practice of the professions in Nigeria.
4) Performing the other functions conferred on the Council by the Act.
However, by amendment viz Decree No. 78 of 1992 The functions of the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria were expanded to include:
5) Supervising and controlling the practice of homeopathy, and other focus of alternative medicine (naturopathy, acupuncture and osteopathy)
6) Making regulations for the operation of clinical laboratory practice in the field of Pathology, which includes Histopathology, Forensic Pathology, Autopsy and Cytology, Clinical Cytogenetics, Haematology, Medical Microbiology and Medical Parasitology, Chemical Pathology, Clinical Chemistry, Immunology and Medical Virology.
There are also a couple of registered associations for doctors in Nigeria. Some of these organizations are listed below:
- Nigerian Medical Association (NMA)
- Nigerian Dental Association (NDA)
- Medical and Dental Consultants Association of Nigeria (MDCAN)
- National Association of Resident Doctors (NARD)
- Medical Women Association of Nigeria (MWAN)
The aforementioned associations are registered and licensed.
RADIOGRAPHERS REGISTRATION BOARD OF NIGERIA (RRBN)
Radiographers Registration Board of Nigeria (RRBN) is the official regulatory body of Radiographers in Nigeria. RRBN is a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Health. RRBN was established by Decree No. 42 of 1987, now Cap R1 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 2004. The board is tasked with the main objective of availability and provision of quality radiography services to Nigerians.
The constitutional mandate of RRBN are as follows :
1.) Determining the standard of knowledge and skill to be possessed by persons seeking to become members of the profession and to improve those standards from time to time as circumstances may permit.
2.) Maintain a register of members of the profession and the publication from time to time of the list of such persons.
3.) Conducting examinations in the profession and issue certificates or diplomas to successful candidates as appropriate.
4.) Ensuring quality service delivery by every Radiography centre in Nigeria.Ensuring discipline and good professional, ethical and moral standards of all Radiographers.
5.) It is noteworthy to know that radiographers in Nigeria has an association known as the Association of Radiographers of Nigeria (ARN). ARN is a registered health professional association that represent the interest of Radiographers and Radiation therapists in Nigeria. They are registered and licensed by the council.
NURSING AND MIDWIFERY COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (MNCN)
This is the regulatory council for nurses in Nigeria. The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria known is the only professional Council for all grades and Cadres of Nurses and Midwives in Nigeria. It is the only legal and administrative, corporate and statutory body charged with specific functions to perform on behalf of the Federal Government of Nigeria to ensure the delivery of safe and effective Nursing and Midwifery care to the public. The Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria is a category B parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Health established by Decree No. 89, 1979 now known as Nursing and Midwifery (Registration etc) act. Cap. N143, Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 2004. The Council is a body Corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal.
It is the only legal, administrative, corporate and statutory body charged with the performance of specific functions on behalf of the Federal Government of Nigeria in order to ensure the delivery of safe and effective Nursing and Midwifery care to the public through quality education and best practices. The Council is mandated by Law to regulate the standards of Nursing and Midwifery Education and Practice in Nigeria and to review such standards from time to time to meet the changing health needs of the society.
Their constitutional objective of NMCN are as follows :
1.) Provide high quality Nursing and Midwifery education in Nigeria.
2.) Maintain high standard of professional nursing and midwifery practice and enforce discipline within the profession.
MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (MLSCN)
Medical Laboratory Science Council of Nigeria (MLSCN) is a Federal Government Statutory Regulatory Agency established by Act 11 of 2003. The body is responsible for the regulation and conduct of the activities of Medical Laboratory Scientists in Nigeria.
The constitutional mandate of MLSCN as stipulated in Section 4 of Act 11 2003 are as follows :
1. To regulate the practice of Medical Laboratory Science in Nigeria.
2. To determine from time to time the standard of knowledge and skill to be attained by persons seeking to become Medical Laboratory Scientists, Medical Laboratory Technicians and Medical Laboratory Assistants (referred to as “Scientists’, ‘Technicians’ and ‘Assistants’).
3. To regulate the training of Scientists, Technicians and Assistants in any institutions in Nigeria and give periodic accreditation to institutions.
4. To provide and maintain separate register for Scientists, Technicians and Assistants.
5. To regulate the production, importation, sales and stocking of diagnostic laboratory reagents and chemicals.
6. To assess, evaluate and register foreign graduates of Medical Laboratory Science.
7. To conduct examinations for Technicians and Assistants.
8. To inspect regulate and accredit Medical Laboratories(Public and Private).
9. To perform such other functions as may be conferred on it by the Act.
PHARMACY COUNCIL OF NIGERIA (PCN)
Pharmacists Council of Nigeria (PCN) is the statutory regulatory body for the pharmacy professions in Nigeria. They are tasked with the responsibility of regulating and controlling the education and practice of pharmacy in Nigeria. It is a Federal Government parastatal established by Act 91 of 1992 (Cap P17 LFN 2004) charged with the responsibility for regulating and controlling Pharmacy Education, Training and Practice in all aspects.
Pursuant to this, the PCN is responsible for registration and licensure of all Pharmacists, Pharmaceutical Premises (Manufacturing, Importation, Distribution, Wholesale, Retail, Hospital Pharmacies) as well as issuance of Permit to Pharmacy Technicians and registration and Licensure of Patent and Proprietary Medicine Vendors.
MEDICAL REHABILITATION THERAPISTS BOARD OF NIGERIA (MRTB)
The Medical Rehabilitation Therapists Board of Nigeria (MRTB) is responsible for the regulation and control of seven (7) professions in the Health Sector in Nigeria. The underlisted professions are regulated by the board :
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech Therapy
- Clinical Audiology
- Osteopathic Medicine
- Chiropractic Medicine
- Prosthetics & Orthotics
Medical Rehabilitation Therapists Board of Nigeria (MRTB) was established by Decree 38 of 1988/Acts M9 LFN 2004 for the regulation and control of the aforementioned professions in the Health Sector in Nigeria. Medical Rehabilitation Therapists Board of Nigeria (MRTB) is a Parastatal, and an arm of the Federal Ministry of Health.
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